Sometimes referred to as the London Bach or the English Bach, Johann Christian Bach was the the11th child of Johann Sebastian Bach and was born in 1735. In fact, he spent so much time in London that he eventually became known as John Bach. When Johann Christian was born, his father was 50 years old. He received his earliest musical instruction from his father and then from his second-oldest half brother Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach. Then he traveled to Italy to study with Padre Martini, where he was a reasonably successful as an opera composer. In 1762, he traveled to London to conduct three operas at the Kings Theatre and became Queen Charlotte’s music master. He died in London in poverty in 1782. Today’s edition two wind symphonies (original band music) composed Johann Christian Bach.